|Federation||An Identity Federation is an organization of institutions that agree on a common set of principles in order to share information as a collection of equals.|
|Federation Member||An individual institution (such as a university, library, etc.) that agrees to participate in an Identity Federation|
|Federation Operator||An entity that runs the Federation on a day-to-day basis and maintains standards, metadata, operational agreements, etc.|
|Identifier||Characters or data that refer to a specific identity. Examples include an email address, a user name, a Kerberos principal name, a campus network ID, an employee or student ID, or a certificate. An identifier is a label for an identity.|
|Identity||Information about who you are. A set of data that is kept about an individual. May include data such as a user name and password, groups, roles, privileges or even personal information such as employment, and health records. http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Digital_Identity|
|Identity Provider||Someone who stores your identity information and presents it to others. A campus or other organization that manages and operates an identity management system and offers information about members of its community to other InCommon participants; a trusted party that can be relied upon by users and servers for authentication. Also "Issuer".|
|Identity Store||A database of identities, such as an enterprise directory. A structured collection of information about multiple individuals.|
|Level of Assurance (LOA)||How sure we can be that you are who you say you are. How much confidence there is that credential presented is in the possession of the person whose identity is being asserted. A federation member must undergo an assurance audit to be allowed to grant high Levels of Assurance to its users. http://www.educause.edu/Resources/AppropriateAccessLevelsofAss ur/162629|
Data or information about data. This information about data is the information that is necessary for one party to communicate the other. A formal description of how federation components agree to communicate. In SAML there is metadata about the IdP and metadata about the SP.
A mechanism that allows a device to connect to a network other than its home network.
Security Assertion Markup Language. Specified by the OASIS Security Services Technical Committee, SAML is a standard to construct, exchange and interpret information between an IdP and an SP.